Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome

What is Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome?

The temporomandibular is the joint that joins your jaw and your skull. Temporomandibular syndrome is a localized pain disorder that can occur when this joint becomes damaged or injured.

What are the Risk Factors of TMJ Syndrome?

Poor posture can increase your risk of developing TMJ syndrome, especially poor posture in the neck and upper back areas. Stress may also increase your risk because it tends to lead to muscle tension and jaw clenching. Patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis and women ages 18 to 44 are also at an increased risk.

What Causes TMJ Syndrome?

TMJ syndrome can be caused when injury to the teeth has occurred, the jaw is misaligned, the teeth are misaligned, and when the affected person grinds their teeth, has poor posture, stress, or arthritis.

What are TMJ Syndrome Symptoms and Signs?

  • Headaches
  • Jaw clicking/popping
  • Popping sound in ears
  • Pain in the jaw joint
  • Earache
  • Pain in the temple area
  • Locking of the jaw joint

How Do Healthcare Professionals Diagnose TMJ Syndrome?

There is no test specifically designed to diagnose TMJ syndrome. Instead, medical history is examined along with a physical exam. In some cases, a doctor may refer you to a specialist for a diagnosis.

What is the Treatment for TMJ Syndrome? Are There Any Home Remedies for Relief?

Home remedies that are often useful for treating TMJ syndrome are: using icepacks, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory over-the-counter medications, avoiding gum or other chewy candies, and massaging or stretching the jaw and neck area. If home remedies do not work, botox injections, dental splints, or surgery may be necessary.

What is the Prognosis for TMJ Syndrome?

The prognosis is one that is overall fairly positive. At home remedies and self-care can help manage the symptoms of TMJ syndrome.

Is it Possible to Prevent TMJ Syndrome?

Doing things such as eating soft foods, using appliances such as dental splints, practicing good posture, regulating stress levels, avoiding chewing gum, and using safety equipment during exercise, work, and sports can help to prevent TMJ syndrome from occurring.